Bernie Garrett, PhD, RN

Associate Professor; Associate Director, Infrastructure and Technology

Dr. Garrett comes from an acute care and CNS background, and has a PhD in Information Science. His work focuses on science and technology, and he frequently works with students exploring advanced practice nursing. His research  falls into two areas. Firstly, deception in healthcare products and services (including alternative medicine), and secondly, the use of new immersive media technologies in healthcare applications (such as VR for pain management). He is an author of a number of science-based clinical textbooks, and his portfolio covers the preparation and development of the new School of Nursing building planned for 2024.


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Selected Publications


Garrett B.M. (2021) The New Alchemists: The rise of deceptive healthcare. B.M. Garrett, Hammersmith Books Limited, London, UK. ISBN: 978-1-78161-188-3

Garrett B.M. (in press) Chapter 24: Alternative Health Strategies in C.L. Edelman & E.C Kudzma  (Eds._ Canadian Health Promotion Throughout the Life Span. Toronto, Ontario. Elsevier.

Garrett B.M. (in press) Chapter 2: Learning Theories in P. Bradley & K. Page-Cutrara (Eds.), The Role of the Nurse Educator in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing.

Garrett B.M., Ong P., Galdas, P. (2019) Pocket Clinical Reference for Nurses (4th Edition) Clinical Publishing Services, Oxford.

Garrett B.M. (2018) Empirical Nursing: The Art of Evidence-based Care. Emerald. Oxford.   

Garrett, B.M. (2017) Fluids and Electrolytes: Essentials for Clinical Practice. London, UK, Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781138197626  

Garrett B.M. (2019) Chapter 2: Learning Theories in P. Bradley & K. Page-Cutrara (Eds.), The Role of the Nurse Educator in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing.

Garrett B.M., Ong, P., Galdas, P. (2016) Pocket Clinical Reference for Nurses (3nd edition). Clinical Publishing Services, Oxford.

Garrett, B.M. (2016) Chapter 9: Evidence-based practice: Other Forms of Evidence in Exploring Evidence-based Practice: Debates and Challenges in Nursing. Edited by M. Lipscomb. Routledge. London. Hb: 978-1-138-78990-6

Garrett, B.M. (2013) Fluid and Electrolytes: essentials for practice. Victoria, Canada, Northern Lights Media. ISBN: 978-0-9919846-1-9

Garrett B.M. (2013) Science and Modern Thought in Nursing: pragmatism and praxis for evidence-based practice. Victoria, Canada, Northern Lights Media. ISBN: 978-0-9919846-0-2

Ong P., Garrett B.M., Allen D. (2009) Pocket Clinical Reference for Nurses (2nd edition). Clinical Publishing Services, Oxford.


Tao, G., Garrett, B., Taverner, T., Cordingley, E., & Sun, C. (2021). Immersive virtual reality health games: a narrative review of game design. Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation, 18(1).

Fu, H., Garrett, B., Tao, G., Cordingley, E., Ofoghi, Z., Taverner, T., Sun, C., & Cheung, T. (2021). Virtual Reality–Guided Meditation for Chronic Pain in Patients With Cancer: Exploratory Analysis of Electroencephalograph Activity. JMIR Biomed Eng 2021;6(2):E26332.

Garrett, B. (2021). Divinity in nursing: The complexities of adopting a spiritual basis for care. Nursing Philosophy : An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals, 22(3).

Garrett, B., & Riou, M. (2021). A rapid evidence assessment of recent therapeutic touch research. Nursing Open, 8(5), 2318–2330.

Garrett B., Taverner, T., Tao G., Cordingley E., Sun C. (2020) Patients Perceptions of Virtual Reality Therapy in the Management of Chronic Cancer Pain. Heliyon. 6(5) doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03916

Garrett, B., Mallia, E., Anthony, J. (2019).  Public Perceptions of Internet-Based Health Scams, and Factors that Promote Engagement with them. Health & Social Care in the Community. 27(5), e672-e686. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12772

Garrett, B. Murphy, S, Jamal, S., Macphee, M., Reardon, J., Cheung, W., Malia, E., Jackson, C. (2019) Internet Health Scams - Developing a taxonomy and risk‐of‐deception assessment tool.  Health & Social Care in the Community. 2019, 27(1), 226-240. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12643

Garrett B., Taverner T., Gromala D., Tao G., Cordingley E., Sun C. (2018) Virtual Reality Clinical Research: Promises and Challenges. Journal of Medical Internet Research: Serious Games.

Garrett, Bernie M.; Anthony, Joseph; and Jackson, Cathryn (2018) "Using Mobile Augmented Reality to Enhance Health Professional Practice Education," Current Issues in Emerging eLearning: 4(1), Article 10.

Garrett B.M. & Cutting, R. L. (2018). A Double-blind Behavioural Experiment: The Influence of Paranormal Beliefs and Media Messaging in Undergraduate Nursing and Education Students. Sage Research Methods Cases.

Taipale, P., Garrett, B., Lauck, S., & Phinney, A. (2018). Exploring Recovery after Elective Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 33(10), S218.

Garrett B.M. & Cutting, R. L. (2017) Magical Beliefs and Discriminating Science from Pseudoscience in Undergraduate Professional Students. Heliyon. 3 (11) See: 

Garrett, B.M., Taverner, T. & McDade, P. (2017) Virtual Reality as an Adjunct Home Therapy in Chronic Pain Management: A Case Series. Journal of Medical Informatics Research 5(2) e11. See

Garrett, B.M. (2016) New Sophistry; Self-deception in the nursing academy. Nursing Philosophy 17(3). 182-193

Yu Ko, W., Oliffe, J.L., Han, C.S., Garrett, B., Henwood, T., Tuckett, A.G., & Sohrevardi, A. (In press). Canadian nurses' perspectives on prostate cancer support groups; A survey study. Cancer Nursing.

Garrett, B.M., Jackson, C, & Wilson, B. (2015) M-learning for Practice Skills: Using augmented reality to enhance teaching and learning lab and clinical skills. Journal of Interactive Technology and Smart Education. 12(4) 298-314

Garrett B.M. & Cutting R.L. (2015) Ways of Knowing; realism, nominalism and non-realism and a typology revisited. Nursing Inquiry 22(2). 95-105.

Garrett, B.M. & MacPhee M. (2015) The Slippery Slope of Nurse Regulation: Challenging issues for contemporary nursing practice in Canada. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership. 28(1) 51-59

Oliffe, J.L., Chambers, S., Garrett, B., Bottorff, J.L., McKenzie, M., Han, C.S.E., & Ogrodniczuk, J.S. (2015). Prostate Cancer Support Groups: Specialists’ Perspectives. American Journal of Men’s Health. 9(2) 163-172

Doyle, G.J., Garrett, B.M., Currie, L. (2014) Integrating Mobile Devices into Nursing Curricula: Opportunities for Implementation using Rogers' Diffusion of Innovation Model, Nurse Education Today. 34(5) 775-782

Ho K., Booth R., Borycki E., Boschman L., Bottorff J., Cavusoglu H., Currie L., Eysenbach G., Frisch L., Garrett B.M., Gibson J.A., Grajales I.F., Gruzd A., Haythornthwaite C., Krause C., Kushniruk A., Mah B., Munson S.A., Norman C., Novak Lauscher H., Oliffe J., Puri A., Ruggiero L., Sandhu J., Woodman S., Zibrik L. (2014) Harnessing the Social Web for Health and Wellness: Issues for Research and Knowledge Translation. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 16(2):e34

Garrett B.M., Taverner T., Masinde W., Gromala D., Shaw D. Negraeff D. (2014) A Rapid Evidence Assessment of Immersive Virtual Reality as an Adjunct Therapy in Acute Pain Management in Practice. The Clinical Journal of Pain 30(12) 1089-98

Garrett, B.M., MacPhee, M., Jackson, C. (2013) Evaluation of an ePortfolio for the Assessment of Clinical Competence in a Baccalaureate Nursing program. Nurse Education Today. 33(10) 1207-1213

Garrett B.M. & Cutting R. (2012) Using Social media to Promote International Student Partnerships. Nurse Education in Practice. 12 (6) pp. 340-5

Garrett B.M. (2012) Changing the game; some thoughts on future healthcare demands, technology, nursing and interprofessional education. Nurse Education in Practice 12(4). pp 179-181 

Garrett B.M., MacPhee M., Jackson C: (2011) Implementing high fidelity simulation in Canada; reflections on 3 years of practice, Nurse Education Today 31 (7) 671-79

Garrett B.M. (2010) What is in a Name? Nursing Education and Human Rights Legislation. Nurse Education in Practice 10(6):317-8.

Garrett B.M., MacPhee M., Jackson C:(2010) High fidelity patient simulation: considerations for effective learning. 31(5):309-13.

Garrett B.M. (2009) Chapter LXIX: Mobile Clinical Learning Tools Using Networked Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) in Medical Informatics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (5 pages). Edited By: Joseph Tan, Wayne State University, USA

Dyke P., Oliffe J., Phinney A., Garrett B.M., (2009) Nursing instructors’ and male nursing students’ perceptions of undergraduate, classroom nursing education, Nurse Education Today, 29(6), pp 649-53

Garrett B.M. (2009) Nurses Attitudes to Mobile Computing Devices in Practice, Hospital IT Europe Journal 1,2.

Garrett B.M. & Klein G. (2008) Experienced nurse’s perceptions of the value of PDAs in their practice. The Journal of Clinical Nursing 17, pp 2146-2154.

Garrett B.M. (2008). The Development of Pen-based Mobile Computing: The Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) and Tablet Personal Computer. In Tanier D. (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Mobile Computing and Commerce. Idea Group: Hershey, PA

Garrett B.M. (2007). New pragmatism in Nursing: revisiting to the age of popular science. Nurse Education in Practice, 7/6, 355-357.

Garrett B.M. (2007) Tips for clinical decision making, in Alfaro-Lefevre R. Critical thinking and Clinical Judgment: A Practical Approach (4th Ed.), Saunders, St. Louis, MI.

Garrett B.M. & Jackson C. (2006). A Mobile Clinical E-portfolio for Nursing and Medical students using Wireless Personal Digital Assistants. Nurse Education in Practice, 6, 339-346.

Garrett B.M. & Jackson C. (2006). Mobile Clinical Learning using Wireless Personal Digital Assistants for Professional Healthcare Students. The International Journal of Learning, 13.

Garrett B.M. (2005). Student nurses perceptions of clinical decision-making in their final year of adult nursing studies. Nurse Education in Practice, 5(1), 35-39.

Garrett B.M. (2005). 1) The Development of the Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) Interface and 2) Mobile Clinical Learning Tools using Networked Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs). In Ghaoui C (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Computer Interaction. Idea Group, Hershey, PA, ISBN: 1-59140-562-9

Garrett B.M. & Jackson C. (2005). Developing adaptable Web based resources to support the acquisition of Clinical Nursing Competencies in BSN education. 6th National conference on Nursing Skills Laboratories, 23-25th June Crowne Plaza, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Garrett B.M. (2004). Employing an experimental approach to evaluate the impact of an intelligent agent. International Journal of Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 1.

Garrett B.M. & Francis R.A. and Garrett B.M. & Roberts G. (2003). The Textbook of Web-based Learning. In Ghaoui C (Ed.), Chapters: 1) The Orientation and Disorientation of E-Learners and 2) Employing Intelligent and Adaptive Methods for Online Learning. (pp. 208-219 & 248-274). Liverpool (UK) Idea Group Inc.

Ong P., Garrett B.M., & Allen D. (2002). Pocket Clinical Reference for Nurses. Oxford, UK., Clinical Publishing Services.

Garrett B.M. (2001). Client Profiles in Nursing: Adult and the Elderly. In Simpson P (Ed.), Chapters: Acute Dehydration, Congestive Cardiac Failure, Hypothyroidism, and Nephrectomy (with Holland A.J.). (pp. 15-22, 73-80, 147-152,199-204). London, Greenwich Medical Media Ltd.

Garrett B.M. & Callear D. (2001). Designing Intelligent Computer-based Simulations; A Pragmatic Approach. Association of Learning Technology Journal, (ALT-J), 9(3), 5-16.

Garrett B.M. & Callear D. (2001). The Value of Intelligent Multimedia Simulation for Teaching Clinical Decision-making Skills. Nurse Education Today, 21, 382-390.

Garrett B.M. (2000). Dry Weight Assessment. The British Journal of Renal Medicine, Winter, 21-24.

Garrett B.M. (1995). The nutritional management of acute renal failure. The Journal of Clinical Nursing, November.

Garrett B.M. (1994). Euthanasia: A contemporary nursing issue. The British Journal of Nursing, 3 (10), 492 494.


Supervisor eligibility: 

  • MHLP
  • MN
  • MSN – thesis
  • MSN – non-thesis
  • PhD