Geertje Boschma, PhD

Professor, BSN Program Coordinator

BSN Program Coordinator email

Dr. Boschma studies nursing and health care history, with special emphasis on mental health and the transition to community mental health in the latter half of the 20th century. She explores the ways nurses, clients and families have experienced changes in mental health care and contributed to them. She recently had a chapter in an award winning book Nursing History for Contemporary Role Development (editors Lewenson, S, McAllister, A. & Smith, K.) which received the 2018 Mary Roberts Award from the American Association for the History of Nursing.


View on PubMed

Selected Publications not Indexed in PubMed

Boschma, G., Davies, M., & Morrow, M. (2014). "Those people known as mental patients...": Professional and patient engagement in community mental health in Vancouver BC in the 1970s, Oral History Forum, 34(2014). Link:

Liva, S. J., Boschma, G. and Hall, W. (2013). Labour support and high-touch care: A lost art in perinatal nursing? The Bulletin of the United Kingdom Association for the History of Nursing, 2, 23-37.

"The inmates are running the asylum: Stories from the MPA [Mental Patient Association]” - A documentary about the group that transformed Canada's psychiatric landscape. DVD, 36-minutes. Created by the MPA founders’ collective. Producer: Megan Davies, Co-Producer: Marina Morrow, Associate Co-Producer: Geertje Boschma. © History of Madness Productions 2013. With teacher's guide.

Boschma, G. (2013). Community mental health post-1950: Reconsidering nurses’ and consumers’ identities. In: D’Antonio, P., Fairman, J. & Whelan, J. (Eds.). Routledge Handbook on the Global History of Nursing, pp. 237 -258. London: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Boschma, G. (2013). Geintegreerd of apart? Ervaringen van psychiatrisch verpleegkundigen in de Nederlandse ziekenhuispsychiatrie [Integrated or set apart? The experiences of psychiatric nurses in Dutch general hospital psychiatry]. In: C. aan de Stegge & C. van Tilburg (Eds.) ‘Helpen en niet schaden’.Uit de geschiedenis van verpleegkunde en medische zorg [To help and not to harm: From the history of nursing and medicine], pp. 99 - 122, Cahiers Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde en Gezondheidszorg, nr. 1. (History of Medicine and Health Care Series, no. 1.) Antwerp: Uitgeverij (publisher) Garant.

Choi, R., and G. Boschma. (2011). The emergence of survivor groups in BC: A historical perspective, Vancouver Acute & Community Mental Health Services Newsletter, 1(7), 3-4.

Boschma, G., Haney, C., & Gorrie, M. (2012). Gender, Work, and Identity: Consumer Perspectives on Rehabilitation and Recovery in Mental Health Care, The Bulletin of the UK Association for the History of Nursing, 1(1): 9-20. This can be found on our webpage at

Boschma, G., Santiago, L. M, Choy, C., & Ronquillo, C. (2012). Health Worker Migration in Canada: Histories, Geographies, and Ethics. Working Paper (Policy Brief) – WP# 12- 02. Metropolis BC (electronic). Full text can be viewed at

Tung, S. M. W., Boschma, G., Phinney, A. (2011). Residential elder care in British Columbia: Policy development and culture change, 1950-2005. Perspectives: The Journal of the Gerontological Nursing Association of Ontario, 34(4), 5-26.

Boschma, G. & Grypma, S. (2010). Guest Editorial. New Scholarship in Nursing History. Canadian Bulletin for Medical History, 27 (1), 61-64

Kanji, Z., Craig, B. J., Boschma, G., Imai, P., Sunell, S. (2010). Dental hygiene baccalaureate degree education in Canada: Motivating influences and experiences. Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 44(4), 147-55.

Boschma, G. (2010). Developing Nursing Scholarship and Research: The Innovative Leadership of Margaret Scott Wright, 1946 – 1985, History of Nursing: Electronic Journal (HERE), 1(1)-article 10, 163-181. Available electronically:

Boschma, G., Groening, M, & Boyd, M. A. (2010). Psychiatric Nursing from Past to Present. Chapter 1. In: Austin, W. & Boyd, M.A. (Eds.)  Psychiatric Nursing for Canadian Practice, 2nd edition, revised, pp.3-18. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkens.

Kanji, Z., Craig, B. J., Boschma, G., Imai, P., Sunell, S. (2010). Dental hygiene baccalaureate degree education in Canada: Motivating influences and experiences. Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene, 44(4), 147-55.

Boschma G, Scaia, M., Bonifacio, N., and Roberts, E. (2008). Oral history research. In Sandra B. Lewenson & Eleanor Krohn Herrmann (Eds.), Capturing nursing history: A guide to historical methods in research (pp. 79-98). New York: Springer.

Boschma, G., Grypma, S., & Melchior, F. (2008). Reflections on researcher subjectivity and identity in nursing history. In S.B. Lewenson & E. Krohn-Herrmann (Eds.), Capturing nursing history: A guide to historical methods in research (pp. 99-121). New York: Springer.

Boschma, G., Groening, M. & Boyd, M.A. (2007). Psychiatric Nursing from past to present. Chapter 1. In Austin, W. & Boyd, M.A (Eds.), Psychiatric Nursing for Canadian Practice. (pp. 3-17). Philiadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Boschma, G., Brush, B. & Stuart, M. (2006). The International Council of Nurses. In McIntyre, M.R., Thomlinson, E. & McDonald, C (Eds.), Realities of Canadian Nursing: Professional, Practice & Power Issues. Second Edition. (pp. 117-132). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Boschma G. (2005). Faculty of Nursing on the Move: Nursing at the University of Calgary, 1969-2004. Calgary: University of Calgary.

Boschma, G. (2003). The rise of mental health nursing: A history of psychiatric care in Dutch Asylums. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Boschma, G., Mychajlunow, L. & Yonge, O. (1999). Guide to Archival Resources for Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing History in Alberta. Edmonton: Interpret Design.

Brush, B. L., Lynaugh, J. E., Boschma, G., Rafferty, A. M., Stuart, M. & Tomes, N. J. (1999) Nurses of All Nations: A History of the International Council of Nurses, 1899-1999. Philadelphia: Lippincott/Raven. Peer-reviewed by external experts.

Boschma, G., Mychajlunow, L & Yonge, O. (1999). Searching for Historical Evidence: The History of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing," Partners  in Psychiatric Health Care Journal 2(1), 29-34.

Boschma, G. (1997) “Ambivalence about Nursing’s Expertise: The Role of a Gendered, Holistic Ideology in Nursing, 1890-1990.” Book chapter. In AnneMarie Rafferty, Jane Robinson, and Ruth Elkan (eds.), Nursing History and the Politics of Welfare, p.164-176. London: Routledge.

Boschma, G. (1997).  “Naar een professionele psychiatrie, 1884-1918” [Towards a professional psychiatry]. Book chapter. In Joost Vijselaar (ed.). Gesticht in de Duinen: De geschiedenis van de provinciale psychiatrische ziekenhuizen in Noordholland, 1849-1994, p. 91-121. Hilversum: Verloren.

Boschma, G. (1990) “Ontwikkeling van verpleegkundige theorie” [The development of nursing theory]. Book chapter. In Rob van der Peet, (ed.), Inleiding in de verpleegkunde, p. 302-327, Lochum: De Tijdstroom.

Boschma, G. (1989). Tegenstrijdigheden in Integrerende Verpleegkunde [Contradictions in ‘Integrated Nursing’]. Verpleegkunde 4(1), 4-16.


Supervisor eligibiity: 

  • MHLP
  • MN
  • MSN – thesis
  • MSN – non-thesis
  • PhD