Professor and MSN Program Coordinator
I have been studying nurses' work environments for almost two decades. Work environment factors of interest to me include nursing leadership, collaborative practice/teamwork, and workload management, especially safe staffing. My goal is to use best evidence to support healthy work environments for nurses, their colleagues, patients and families. I do applied research and use a variety of methods, most recently, realist synthesis and evaluation.
I am a health systems researcher who studies nurses' work environment factors that influence nurse, patient/family and organizational outcomes. Health systems are complex systems, and it’s important to consider what goes on within and across systems levels. I use complexity science principles and models to best understand nurses’ work environments and those factors, at different systems levels, that influence safe, quality healhcare delivery.
My expertise includes leadership and healthcare administration. I have studied leadership development in different global contexts, including Taiwan and Hong Kong.
BSc , University of Michigan (Honors, biology)
BSc , University of North Carolina (nursing)
MSc , Purdue University (developmental psychology)
MSc , University of Northern Colorado (nursing education)
PhD , Colorado State University (human resources)
Affiliations & Links
Nursing Leadership Institute (2004-2010)
PERISCOPE (2020-) Pandemic Enhanced Response Involving Realist Synthesis and Community Pharmacy Evaluation. See: https://www2.aston.ac.uk/lhs/research/periscope
LEAD Outcomes (2020-) Creating and translating evidence for nursing leadership. See: https://leadoutcomes.ca/
I was the Deputy Director for the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)-UBC International Centre on Nursing Leadership (2010-2018). I co-designed the Centre’s curriculum with Ms. Adela Lai, former Chief Nursing Officer of Hong Kong Health Authority.
I am an Advisory Board member for Sigma Theta International (STTI) Global Health Leadership Institute. I am also a member of the STTI Constitution & Bylaws Committee.
I am on the Editorial Board for the Journal of Pediatric Nursing and the Journal of Nursing Administration. I do reviews for several leadership and healthcare administration journals.
I act as an advisor for practice sites implementing and evaluating the Synergy Model™ patient characteristics assessment tool, the “synergy” tool. The tool is currently in use in BC (Fraser Health Authority), Hamilton and Niagara health systems in Ontario, and Regina health region, Saskatchewan.
I am a member of a Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing (CASN) special interest group on nursing leadership and undergraduate/graduate nursing education.
I am a member of UBC Senate, and I am a member on three Senate committees: Teaching & Learning, Library, and Academic Appeals.
School of Nursing
I was Associate Director of UBC School of Nursing undergraduate programs (2016-2018).
I am a member of the Graduate Programs Committee and the MSN Advisor.
Examples of Completed Service Projects
BC’s Nursing Administrative Leadership Institute for First-Line Nurse Leaders (2004-2010) I was the Academic and Research Lead for BC’s Nursing Administrative Leadership Institute for First-Line Nurse Leaders.
Canadian Interprofessional Healthcare Leadership Collaborative (2013-2015). This collaborative consisted of four universities, sponsored by the Institute of Medicine. I represented the University of British Columbia and acted as co-lead on the project with Dr. Lesley Bainbridge. Other university partners included Laval University, Queens University, University of Toronto and Northern Ontario School of Medicine.
Examples of Recent Research Publications
MacPhee, M., Dahinten, V. S., & Havaei, F.* (2017). The impact of heavy perceived nurse workloads on patient and nurse outcomes. Administrative Sciences, 7(1), 7-17.
Havaei, F., & MacPhee, M. (2020). The impact of heavy nurse workload and patient/family complaints on workplace violence: An application of the human factors framework. Nursing Open, https://doi.org/10.1002/nop2.444
Havaei, F., & MacPhee, M. (2020). The effect of workplace violence and psychological stress responses on medical-surgical nurses’ medication intake. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, doi: 10.1177/0844562120903914
MacPhee, M., Havaei, F., Fitzgerald, B., Budz, B., Waller, D., & Li, C. (July 2019). Nursing care team redesign: It begins with the right data. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 33(2), 21-37.
MacPhee, M., Wagner, J., Udod, S., Berry, L., Perchie, G., Conway, A. (2020). Participatory action research: Determining Emergency Department staffing needs. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 33(3), 29-44.
MacPhee, M., Wong, G., Abrams, R., & Merrett, K. (2020). Team processes in Canadian primary healthcare: A realist review. Healthcare Quarterly,23(2), 50-57.
Selected Publications not Indexed in PubMed
Dahinten, V. S., MacPhee, M., Hejazi, S., Laschinger, H., Kazanjian, M., McCutcheon, A., Skelton-Green, J. & O'Brien-Pallas, L. (2014). Testing the effects of an empowerment-based leadership development programme: part 2–staff outcomes. Journal of Nursing Management, 22(1), 16-28.
MacPhee, M., Dahinten, V. S., Hejazi, S., Laschinger, H., Kazanjian, A., McCutcheon, A., Skelton-Green, J. & O'Brien-Pallas, L. (2014). Testing the effects of an empowerment-based leadership development programme: part 1–leader outcomes. Journal of Nursing Management, 22(1), 4-15.
Havaei, F., Dahinten, V. S., & MacPhee, M. (2013). The effects of perceived organizational support and span of control on the organizational commitment of novice leaders. Journal of Nursing Management. DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12131.
MacPhee, M., Paterson, M., Tassone, M., Marsh, D., Berry, S., Bainbridge, L., Steinberg, M., Careau, E. & Verma, S. (2013). Transforming health systems through collaborative leadership: Making change happen! PAPER SERIES, 79. International Scholarship of Service Learning (ISSL), South Africa.
Kramer, M., Brewer, B. B., Halfer, D., Maguire, P., Beausoleil, S., Claman, K., MacPhee, M., & Duchscher, J. B. (2013). Changing our lens: seeing the chaos of professional practice as complexity. Journal of Nursing Management, 21(4), 690-704.
Spiri, W. C., & MacPhee, M. (2013). The Meaning of Evidence-Based Management to Brazilian Senior Nurse Leaders. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 45(3), 265-272.
Garrett, B. M., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2013). Evaluation of an eportfolio for the assessment of clinical competence in a baccalaureate nursing program. Nurse Education Today, 33(10), 1207-1213.
MacPhee, M., Chang, L., Lee, D., & Spiri, W. (2013). Global health care leadership development: trends to consider. Journal of Healthcare Leadership, 5, 21-29.
Wong, C. A., Laschinger, H. K., Macdonald-Rencz, S., Burkoski, V., Cummings, G., D'amour, D., Grinspun, D., Gurnham, M. E., Huckstep, S., Leiter, M., Perkin, K., MacPhee, M., Matthews, S., O'Brien-Pallas, L., Ritchie, J., Ruffolo, M., Vincent, L., Wilk, P., Almost, J., Purdy, N., Daniels, F., & Grau, A. (2013). Part 2: Nurses' career aspirations to management roles: qualitative findings from a national study of Canadian nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 21(2), 231-241.
Laschinger, H., Wong, C., MacDonald-Rencz, S., Burkoski, V., Cummings, G., Damour, D., Grinspun, D., Gurnham, M., Huckstep, S., Leiter, M., MacPhee, M., Perkin, K., Matthews, S., O’Brien-Pallas, L., Ritchie, J., Ruffolo, M., Vincent, L., Wilk, P., Almost, J., Purdy, N., Daniels, F., & Grau, A. (2013). Part 1: The influence of personal and situational predictors on nurses' aspirations to management roles: preliminary findings of a national survey of Canadian nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 21(2), 217-230.
MacPhee, M., & Bora, L. Flexible work practices for nurses monograph. Published on the International Council of Nurses website www.ichrn.org. July 27, 2012.
MacPhee, M., Skelton-Green, J., Bouthillette, F., & Suryaprakash, N. (2012). An empowerment framework for nursing leadership development: supporting evidence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(1), 159-169.
MacPhee, M. Flexible work practices for nurses fact sheet. Published on the International Council of Nurses website www.ichrn.org. July 27, 2012.
Garrett, B. M., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2011). Implementing high-fidelity simulation in Canada: Reflections on 3 years of practice. Nurse Education Today, 31(7), 671-676.
MacPhee, M., & Suryaprakash, P. (2011). First line nurse leaders’ healthcare change management initiatives. Available online December 5: doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01338.x
MacPhee, M., Wardrop, A., Campbell, C., & Wejr, P. (2011). The synergy model and its patient characteristics tool: A staff empowerment strategy. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 24(3), 42-56.
MacPhee, M., Skelton-Green, J., Bouthillette, F., & Suryapkash, N. (2011). An empowerment framework for nursing leadership development: supporting evidence. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(1), 159-169.
Garrett, B., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2010). High fidelity patient simulation: Considerations for effective learning. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(5), 309-314.
Garrett, B., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2010). Implementing high fidelity simulation in Canada: Reflections on three years of practice. Nurse Education Today. 31(7), 671-676.
Boschma, G., Einboden, R., Groening, M., Jackson, C., MacPhee, M., et al. (2010). Strengthening communication education in an undergraduate nursing curriculum. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 7(1), article 28. doi: 10.2202/1548-923X.2043
MacPhee, M., Wardrop, A., & Campbell, C. (2010). Transforming workplace relationships through shared decision making. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(8), 1016-1026. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01122.x
MacPhee, M., Wejr, P., Jewell, K., Wardrop, A., & Mildon, B. (2010). British Columbia’s Provincial Nursing Workload Project: Evidence to empowerment. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 23(1), 54-63.
MacPhee, M., Wejr, P., Davis, M., Semeniuk, P., & Scarborough, K. (2009). Practice-academic nurse educators: Finding common ground. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 6(1). Retrieved December 2009 from http://www.bepress.com/ijnes/vol6/iss1/art32.
MacPhee, M., Suryaprakash, N., & Jackson, C. (2009). Online knowledge networking: What leaders need to know. Journal of Nursing Administration, 39(10), 415-423.
MacPhee, M. (2009). Developing a practice-academic partnership logic model. Nursing Outlook, 57(3), 143-147.
MacPhee, M., Espezel, H., Clauson, M., & Gustavson, K. (2009). A collaborative model to introduce quality and safety content into the undergraduate leadership curriculum. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 24(1), 83-89.
MacPhee, M., & Bouthillette, F. (2008). Developing leadership in nurse managers: The British Columbia Nursing Leadership Institute. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership, 21(3), 64-75.
MacPhee, M. (2007). Strategies and tools for managing change. Journal of Nursing Administration, 37(9), 404-415
MacPhee, M. (2002). Evidence-based practice in action. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 17(4), 313-320.
Richardson, D., Branowicki, P., Zeidman-Rogers, L., Mahoney, J., & MacPhee, M. (2006). An evidence-based approach to nasogastric tube management: Special considerations. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 21(5), 388-394.
Ellis, J., Priest, M., MacPhee, M., & Sanchez McCutcheon, A. (2006). Staffing for safety: A synthesis of the evidence. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation.
Sanchez McCutcheon, A., MacPhee, M., Davidson, J., Doyle-Waters, M., Mason, S., & Winslow, W. (2006). Evaluation of patient safety and nurse staffing. Ottawa ON: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation.
MacPhee, M., Ellis, J., & McCutcheon, A. (2006). Nurse staffing and patient safety. Canadian Nurse, 102(8), 18-24.
MacPhee, M., McLean, G., & Woo, C. (2005). A nursing leadership evolution. (In press). Journal of Pediatric Nursing.
MacPhee, M., & Sredl, D. (2004). Mirror, mirror... Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 19(6), 371-373.
Lamagna, P., & MacPhee, M. (2004). Peripheral intravenous infiltration. Nursing Spectrum, June 28, 2004.
MacPhee, M., & Scott, J. (2002). The role of social support networks for rural hospital nurses: supporting and sustaining the rural nursing workforce. Journal of Nursing Administration, 32(5), 265-272.
MacPhee, M. (2001). Failure-to-thrive: Home-based interventions. In Preedy, V., Grimbles, G., & Watson, R (Eds.), Nutrition in the infant: Problems and practical procedures. (pp. 387-399). London, England: Greenwich Medical Media.
MacPhee, M., MacPhee, D., Morgan, G., & Gliner, J. (2000). Instructor’s manual to accompany research methods in applied settings: An integrated approach to design and analysis. Mawah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
MacPhee, M. (2000). Hospital networking: comparing the work of nurses with flexible and traditional schedules. Journal of Nursing Administration, 30, 190-199.
I was recently inducted (2019) as Fellow into the Canadian Nursing Education Institute within the Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing (CASN).
I teach leadership and management within the undergraduate program (NURS351) and the graduate program (NURS512). Other graduate-level courses include: NURS552 (graduate research methods) and N520 (Leadership and healthcare administration). I oversee the undergraduate capstone course (NURS344), and I co-teach a non-nursing elective course, NURS290 (Climate change and global health).
Tydd-Whiting, Rhandall - MSN, 2020
Engage! : Creating a framework for patient and family engagement for a health care organization
Greene, Andrea - MSN, 2020
Use of the Canadian c-spine rule by emergency department nurses
Radu, Raluca - MSN, 2020
Understanding Climate Change in Nursing Practice: An Educational Tool for Nurses
Gurney, Lara - MSN, 2019
Patient stories project: a solution-based approach to decrease burnout in critical care
Havaei, Farinaz - PhD, 2016
The effect of mode of nursing care delivery and skill mix on quality and patient safety outcomes
Goldsworthy, Sandra June - PhD, 2015
The mechanisms by which professional development may contribute to critical care nurses' intent to stay
Charlton, Sara-Grey Maureen - MSN, 2015
Family presence and visitation in critical care: a rapid evidence assessment
Chalke, Nicola Jane - MSN, 2014
Identifying critical information for nursing handover: designing a nurse to nurse handover form
Keane, Merry-Ann Janine - MSN, 2013
The influence of nurse leaders on the presence of horizontal violence on staff nurses